Post archive


⇒ Post history


Manchesters Own Barometer Maker

Giovanni Battista Ronchetti ('Baptist')

Baptist Ronchetti emigrated from the village of Tavernerio, near Lake Como in Italy, and

came to Manchester in about 1790. He set up a business as a weather glass or

barometer manufacturer at 15, High Street. In the first few years of the nineteenth

century, he moved to 51, Spear Street, an address which appears on barometers signed

by other Italian migrants. This communal location may have reduced the makers' costs

and so made it easier for them to work in Manchester during the difficult depression years.

In about 1805, Ronchetti sent to Italy for his son Charles Joshua, then aged about 15, and

his relative, Luigi Antonio Casartelli 'Louis'. Little is known of the three men's

movements for the next 10 years. However, Charles Joshua left Manchester, probably

because of the lack of business. In about 1811, he married Frances Whitworth, the

daughter of an excise officer of Bury, and their first son, John Baptist, was born a year

later. The couple then moved to Liverpool where Charles Joshua set up a business in

about 1814. Meanwhile, Baptist Ronchetti had retired to Italy and his business had been taken over by Louis.We are please to have a Baptist barometer for restoration and when completed this  very spacial and historic barometer will be offerd for sale soon! 

Atmos Clocks For Pesidents Prime minsters and Kings

Your home is already beautiful, but for those looking to give it a real edge, consider the role time plays in it. You look at the clock when you get up in the morning, get ready for work, put the kids to bed at night and so much more than you realize.

While a clock is not a necessary item in today’s digital world, it is a functional piece of art and décor – especially when selected wisely. For centuries, people’s homes have been measured as standards of elegance and stature based on the clocks that resided therein. From table clocks to grandfather clocks and eventually wall clocks, time is a statement in taste as well as punctuality.

One superb statement maker today is the Atmos Clock from Jaeger-LeCoultre. Back in 1928, the Atmos clock was first introduced to the market as a revolutionary timepiece. The concept behind it – the clock could run without needing to be set or managed after its initial setting thanks to the fact that it is regulated by minuscule changes in temperature. Developed by engineer Jean-Leon Reutter, the Atmos clock and was immediately embraced by the luxury watch brand Jaeger-LeCoutlre, which purchased the design and made what is now an iconic collection.

Today, the Atmos clock essentially works on the same principal. Some say it runs on air, but the reality is that the mechanism is driven by tiny successive changes in temperature thanks to a hermetically sealed capsule that holds a gaseous mixture that dilates when the temperature rises and contracts when it cools. The capsule, working in tandem with the clock’s mainspring, winds the barrel with each atmosphere change. Just a single degree temperature change will power the clock for 48 hours.

So coveted is the Atmos – an environmentally friendly clock—that it has been gifted to US presidents and global diplomats such as President John F. Kennedy, Sir Winston Churchill, General Charles De Gaulle, President Ronald Reagan, Pope John Paul II, King Hussein of Jordan by Jaeger-LeCoutre.

Lurgan Grandfather Clock Restoration

To everyone at Clock Repair Ltd

 

Wendy and I wish to let you know how delighted we are with the restoration of her grand father clock.

It had not worked for almost twenty years. 

The workmanship is exquisite, and it now looks and sounds as she remembers it from her childhood.

Thanks for all your help

Kind Regards

Roy & Wendy Pierce

A Rare John Barnish Of Rochdale Clock For Sale

John Barnish Of Rochdale

Circa 1785

 

dial restorer

 

We are currently restoring this clock for sale, should

 you like to express an interest please click on the

email link below.

 

Click here to send us a email 

 



 

Barnish, William of Rochdale. This clockmaker was born there in about 1734 and died there in 1776 at the age of only 42. He made a number of longcase clocks, both thirty hour and eight day. There was a John Barnish, also a clockmaker working in Rochdale and is probably the son of William. John was born in 1760, and took over his father's business, he was working from at least 1785 and he made numerous longcase clocks ( 30 hour and 8 day). He also made a two tune musical thirty hour with a white dial in 1785. John died in 1829.
There was possibly another son - Charles born in 1775 and died in 1812.

 

Known Published Photos or articles

 

Please note that due to British copyright laws, we are not able to show any photos or articles mentioned below. However, the books etc
should be available for order from your local library or see Links page for details of places to obtain copies of the sources listed below)

 

Grandfather Clocks and their cases, pp156 has a picture of a John Barnish longcase clock c 1780 Longcase Painted Dials, pp63 has a picture of a humorous  clock dial made for the Barnish family Clocks Magazine, vol. 16, no.12 pp20 has an article "An original answer to a Moon-Drive Problem" by Peter England which shows a Jno. Barnish Rochdale clock.

 

Sources

Brian Loomes, Watchmakers & Clockmakers Of The World Vol 2 (2nd Edition), Pub NAG Press 1989 ISBN 0 7198 0250 4

 

Brian Loomes, Grandfather Clocks and their cases, Pub Bracken Books 1985 ISBN 1 85170 376 4

 

Brian Loomes, Lancashire Clocks and Clockmakers, Pub David & Charles 1975 ISBN 0 7153 6917 2

 

Brian Loomes, Watchmakers & Clockmakers Of The World Complete 21st Century Edition, Pub NAG ISBN-13:978-0-7198-0330-7

 

M F Tennant, Longcase Painted Dials, Pub Nag Press 1995 ISBN 0 7198 0260 1

 

Clocks Magazine, Pub Splat Publishing (www.clocksmagazine.com)

Antique clock restoration a heartfelt commendation

clock repairHaving now lived with my clock for 2 weeks since you returned it I just thought I'd update you. 

It is great to hear the steady measured tick and with a tiny adjustment from your workshop settings, re different ambient temperature, time keeping is spot on. Apart from your excellent renovation of the mechanics you have breathed new life into the woodwork and your replacement of the missing bit of fretwork is unbelievably good.
 
Family and friends are also amazed and delighted with your transformation. I have entered a heartfelt commendation on Touch Local and confirm that I am very happy to be used as a reference for any potential customers.
 
Mr Bullock,  Frodsham

 

Stolen clock returned

Sir Ferrers Vyvyan with the clock mechanism Sir Ferrers Vyvyan said the mechanism was recognised instantly

A 250-year-old clock mechanism has been returned to its home in Cornwall after being found by chance nearly 40 years after it was stolen.

The mechanism, which was built in Truro in 1757, disappeared in 1972 from the tower on the stable block on the Trelowarren Estate on the Lizard.

It was found after a relative of the estate's present owners spotted it in a shop in Belgium.

The mechanism has been put on display on the estate.

Handle recognised

Estate owner Sir Ferrers Vyvyan said his sister recognised the mechanism immediately when she saw it in Brussels.

He said: "As soon as she saw the finials [decorative points at the top of the mechanism] and she saw the handle, she knew it was the real clock."

After some detective work, Sir Ferrers' aunt, Virginia Redrupp, talked to the shop owner and showed him some photographs she had found to show where the timepiece, the value of which has not been revealed, had come from.

Ms Redrupp said: "We went to Brussels and showed it to the man who had the clock and he instantly said 'that is a photograph of this clock'.

"His reaction was that the clock must go back to where it came from."

The tower the clock mechanism was housed in has recently been restored, but the clock itself currently runs on an electric mechanism.

Seth Thomas

Seth Thomas

  • Seth Thomas was born in Wolcott, Connecticut, in 1785. He became an expert carpenter. At 22 years old, he went to work for clockmaker Eli Terry in Northbury, Connecticut. He took to the art of clockmaking and prospered, so much so that in 1810 he bought out Terry's factory with a partner. Three years later he bought out another clockmaking business in Plymouth Hollow and relocated. He began making clocks under the Seth Thomas name, priding himself on the quality of his work. Seth Thomas clocks soon became known all over the country for their quality and high level of craftsmanship. Initially, Thomas continued to make tall wall clocks with wooden movements and swinging pendulums, but in 1817 he shifted focus to wooden movement shelf clocks housed in pillar and scroll cases. In 1842 brass movements were introduced and by 1845 wooden movements were phased out completely.

The Seth Thomas Clock Company

  • In 1853 Seth Thomas incorporated the Seth Thomas Clock Company "so that the business would outlive him," according to ClockHistory.com. Thomas died six years later, and the town of Plymouth Hollow was renamed Thomaston in his honor. After Thomas' death many new styles of clocks were launched by the company he had founded, based on patterns and machinery purchased in 1859 from the creditors of Silas B. Terry, another clockmaker, who had gone bankrupt. Spring-driven clocks were introduced by Seth Thomas in the 1860s; three years later the company also began making perpetual calendar clocks. Subsequent models included walnut kitchen clocks, marble clocks, black wood mantel clocks and chime clocks, the latter introduced in 1909. Electric clocks were developed in the 1920s, and Seth Thomas them introduced in 1928. One of the most famous clocks in the world, the four-faced clock in New York City's Grand Central Terminal, was made by Seth Thomas.

A fine quality mercury stick barometer for sale by John Cail of Newcastle

A Oak  Stick Barometer by John Cail, Newcastle, Circa 1840
 

A ivory scale with vernier and signed Cail, Newcastle, the case with arched top and glazed scale, exposed tube, mercury thermometer with ivory scale, the half-turned cistern cover with ivory float in exemplory condition.  

It is exceptionally rare to find pieces by John Cail. They are of very high quality but quite scarce. He worked in Newcastle-upon-Tyne from 1825 until 1865 from four different locations during that period.
for sale mercury stick barometer
 
 
For Sale
 
A fine example of a John Cail of Newcastle
 
stick barometer circa 1840
 
£1195
 

John Ellicot Clock And Watchmaker

1706 London - 1772 he was an eminent English clock and watchmaker of the 18th century. His father, a Cornishman, John Ellicott -1733, was also a clockmaker John Ellicott jnr conducted business first from Austin Friars Street EC2 and later from Swithin’s Alley London.

Famous Manchester Barometer For Restoration

Giovanni Battista Ronchetti ('Baptist')

Baptist Ronchetti emigrated from the village of Tavernerio, near Lake Como in Italy, and

came to Manchester in about 1790. He set up a business as a weather glass or

barometer manufacturer at 15, High Street. In the first few years of the nineteenth

century, he moved to 51, Spear Street, an address which appears on barometers signed

by other Italian migrants. This communal location may have reduced the makers' costs

and so made it easier for them to work in Manchester during the difficult depression years.

In about 1805, Ronchetti sent to Italy for his son Charles Joshua, then aged about 15, and

his relative, Luigi Antonio Casartelli 'Louis'. Little is known of the three men's

movements for the next 10 years. However, Charles Joshua left Manchester, probably

because of the lack of business. In about 1811, he married Frances Whitworth, the

daughter of an excise officer of Bury, and their first son, John Baptist, was born a year

later. The couple then moved to Liverpool where Charles Joshua set up a business in

about 1814. Meanwhile, Baptist Ronchetti had retired to Italy and his business had been taken over by Louis.We are please to have a Baptist barometer for restoration and when completed this  very spacial and historic barometer will be offerd for sale soon! 

 

 

Perigals clock and watchmakers

The Perigals were a family of celebrated horologists from which three firms originated. Francis Perigal, the founder, was established from 1740 at the Royal Exchange, where he was succeeded by his son and grandson. Another Francis 1770-94, who was watchmaker to the king, settled in New Bond Street and was succeeded by Perigal & Duterran, 'Watchmakers to His Majesty,' from 1810 to 1840. Another branch of the family established itself in Coventry Street as John Perigal 1770-1800, and Perigal & Browne 1794-1800. We are very pleased to have seen our first Francis Perigal of Bond Street yesterday it was a privilege to see indeed!

 

Clock And Watch Makers of Manchester

We have a working knowlage of over 600!!! Manchester watch and clockmakers that opperated over the years listed below. 

 

Abbott, Francis of Derby, Manchester and Hobart, Tasmania.

Abel & Katz of Manchester.

Abrahams, Isaac of Manchester.

Abrahams, Phineas of Manchester.

Abyssinian Gold Jewellery Co. Ltd. of Manchester.

Acton, Benjamin of Manchester.

Adamson, James of Manchester.

Ainsworth, William of Manchester.

Aitchison, William of Manchester.

Albiez, Robert of Manchester.

Alderson, William H. of Manchester.

Anglo-American Watch Co. of Manchester.

Armstrong, Robert of Manchester.

Armstrong, Thomas & Brother of Manchester.

Armstrong, Thomas of Manchester.

Arnold & Lewis of Manchester.

Ashcroft, Francis of Manchester.

Ashworth, John & Co. of Manchester.

Ashworth, Peter of Manchester.

Ashworth, Richard of Manchester.

Astbury, William Henry of Manchester.

 

Bailey, Charles of Manchester.

Baldwin, Henry H. of Manchester.

Ball, William of Manchester.

Barker, Charles of Manchester.

Barlow, Richard of Manchester.

Barnes, Charles Frederick of Manchester.

Barnes, Richard of Manchester.

Barton, John of Manchester.

Barton, Thomas of Manchester. 

Batty, William (& Sons) of Manchester & Liverpool.

Beaumont, Samuel of Manchester.

Beaver, Louis of Manchester.

Beaver, Marcus of Manchester.

Beesley, James of Manchester.

Bell, John of Manchester.

Bernstein, H of Manchester.

Berrisford, James of Manchester.

Berry, Josiah of Manchester.

Bibby, John of Manchester.

Binks, John of Manchester.

Birchall, Robert of Pendleton, Manchester.

Birchall, William of Manchester.

Birckley, Frederick of Manchester.

Blakeley, John of Manchester.

Boddington, Henry Charles of Manchester.

Booth, George of Manchester.

Booth, J.B. of Manchester.

Bottomley, James Cocker of Manchester.

Boughey, Arthur of Manchester.

Bowler, Joseph of Manchester.

Boyd, John & Co. of Manchester.

Brackenridge, James Charles of Manchester.

Braddock, John of Manchester.

Bradley, Harry Bridges of Manchester.

Bradley, John of Manchester.

Bradley, William of Manchester.

Bradley. John of Manchester.

Bradshaw, John of Manchester.

Braham, William T. of Hulme, Manchester.

Braham, William T. of Manchester.

Bramhall, Isabella of Manchester.

Brash, Isaac of Manchester.

Bratt, Nathan of Manchester.

Bratt, William of Manchester

Brearley Brothers of Manchester.

Brearley, Lewis of Manchester.

Briggs, William of Manchester.

Brown, Edward of Manchester.

Brown, Thomas of Manchester.

Brown,Nathaniel of Manchester.

Browne, Joseph of Manchester.

Bruce, Alexander of Manchester.

Bunyan, Thomas of Manchester.

Burbidge, Elizabeth of Manchester.

Burbidge, Joseph of Manchester.

Burman, Samuel of Manchester.

Burrow, Henry of Manchester.

 

Caltenbach, Carl of Manchester.

Carnegie, James of Manchester.

Carpenter, William of Manchester.

Carson & Muter of Manchester.

Carson, Alexander of Manchester.

Carson, James of Manchester.

Carson, Samuel of Manchester.

Cass, Jacob of Manchester.

Castle, George M. of Manchester.

Cato & Co. of Manchester.

Chamberlain, James of Manchester.

Chamberlain, Mrs. Mary Ann of Manchester.

Chester, William H of Manchester.

Clare, Peter of Manchester.

Clarke, Alfred of Manchester.

Clayton, Martin of Manchester.

Clegg, Daniel of Manchester.

Clegg, James of Manchester.

Clegg, William of Manchester.

Clement, J of Manchester.

Clement, John of Manchester.

Clough, John Arthur of Manchester.

Cohen, A of Manchester.

Cohen, Jacob of Manchester.

Cohen, Joel of Manchester.

Cohen, John of Manchester.

Cohen, Meyer of Manchester.

Cohen, Solomon of Manchester.

Coleman, Mrs of Manchester.

Cook, Matthew of Manchester.

Cooke, Henry of Manchester.

Cooper, E of Manchester.

Copeland, Robert of Manchester.

Coughiu, James of Manchester.

Coupe, Thomas of Manchester.

Cowen, David of Manchester.

Cowen, M & Co. of Manchester.

Cowen, W.M & Co. of Manchester.

Cowley, John Q. of Manchester.

Cresswell, Edmund of Manchester.

Cronney, Henry of Manchester.

Cross, Herbert of Manchester.

Cross, William of Manchester

Crossley, Catherine of Manchester.

Crossley, Henry of Manchester.

Crowther, James Walter of Manchester.

Crowther, Joseph of Manchester.

Cumberbirch& Dutton of Manchester.

Cumberbirch, James of Manchester.

Cunningham, J.M. of Manchester.

Cunningham, Robert W. of Manchester.

Cunningham, Robert William of Manchester.

 

Dalby, Arthur H. & Son of Manchester.

Davenport, J.W. of Manchester.

Davey, James of Manchester.

Davidson, F.H. of Manchester.

Davies, John of Manchester.

Dearden, Charles of Manchester.

Debney, James of Manchester.

Dewsnap, George of Manchester.

Dodge & Co. of Manchester.

Dodge, W & M. of Manchester.

Dold, George of Manchester.

Dore, Henry of Manchester.

Downing, David W. of Manchester.

Draper, Henry of Manchester.

Drescher, Simon of Manchester.

Dresser, Herbert B. of Manchester.

Drinkwater, Charles of Manchester.

Duff, John of Manchester.

Duffner, Edmund of Manchester.

Duke, James of Manchester.

Dutton, George S. of Manchester.

Dutton, James of Manchester.

Dutton, William of Manchester.

Dyson, Humphrey of Manchester.

 

Eckersley, Mrs. Sarah of Manchester.

Edwards, Walter of Manchester.

Eisen, Arthur of Manchester.

Elkington of Manchester Elleby,  

Robert James of Manchester.

English Mary of Manchester.

Evans, Joseph Thomas of Manchester.

 

Falk, David of Manchester.

Fall, Richard of Manchester.

Fallows, John Baptist of Manchester.

Fawsitt, Thomas of Manchester.

Fells, Robert of Manchester.

Ferran, W.M. of Manchester

Fielding, Walter of Manchester.

Fisher, Richard of Manchester

Flitcroft, Joseph of Manchester.

Fodem, Edward Rothwell of Manchester. .

Fort, John W. of Manchester.

Foster, Henry of Manchester.

Foster, John & Thomas of Manchester.

Foster, John of Manchester.

Franklin, Abraham (& Co.) of Manchester.

Franklin, Abraham of Manchester.

Freud, Philipp of Manchester.

Furniss, James Frost of Manchester.

Furniss, Micah of Manchester.

Furnival, Joseph Alexander of Manchester.

Furnivel, Joseph A. of Manchester.

 

Ganter, Matthew of Manchester.

Gardner, John of Manchester.

Gardner, William of Manchester.

Garnett, James of Manchester.

Garside, Samuel of Manchester.

Gent, William of Manchester.

Gibson, William of Manchester.

Gill, John of Manchester.

Gillings, James of Manchester.

Glatz&Wunderley of Manchester.

Glatz, Joseph of Manchester.

Gledhill, Richard of Manchester.

Glodt, David of Manchester.

Glover, Joseph of Manchester.

Glue, David of Manchester

Goldberg, Kiva of Manchester.

Goldstone, Sampson of Manchester

Gooch, Norton of Manchester.

Gooddwin, William of Manchester.

Goodman Brothers of Manchester.

Goodman, S. of Manchester.

Goodwin, Horatio R. jun. of Manchester.

Goodwin, Horatio R. of Manchester.

Goodwin, John of Manchester.

Gough & Co. of Manchester.

Grainge, James of Manchester.

Greenfield, Robert Clark of Manchester.

Greenhalgh, John of Manchester.

Griffiths, Alfred of Manchester.

Griffiths, Thomas G. of Manchester.

Grooms, Joseph of Manchester.

Grooms, William Dockett of Manchester.

Gutteridge, R of Godmanchester, Huntingdon.

 

Hague, Joseph H. of Manchester.

Haigh, Abraham of Manchester.

Hall, John & Co. of Manchester.

Hall, Jonathan of Manchester.

Hall, Jonthn. of Manchester.

Hall, Joseph & Co. of Manchester.

Hall, Joseph of Manchester.

Hall, William L. of Manchester.

Hall, William of Manchester.

Hammond, George & Son of Manchester.

Hammond, John of Manchester.

Hammond, Thomas & George & Thomas of Manchester.

Hammond, Thomas of Manchester.

Hampson&Thelwell of Manchester.

Hampson, Robert of Manchester.

Hancock, Joseph of Manchester.

Hancock, Josiah & Son of Manchester.

Hanger, Henry of Manchester.

Hardcastle, William of Manchester.

Hardie& Christie - clock dial maker of Manchester.

Hardisty, Jonathan L. of Manchester

Hardman, Thomas of Manchester.

Harris & Sons of Manchester.

Harris, Henry James of Manchester.

Harris, Henry James of Pendleton, Manchester.

Harris, Josiah of Manchester.

Harrison, James of Manchester.

Hartley, Elizabeth of Manchester.

Hartley, Thomas William of Manchester.

Hawkes, Alfred of Manchester.

Haydock, Joseph Eli of Manchester.

Hayward, Thomas of Manchester.

Haywood, David of Manchester.

Healey, Thomas of Manchester.

Heap, Thomas of Manchester.

Hemingway, John of Manchester.

Henderson, John H. of Manchester.

Henderson, Matthew of Manchester.

Hendrick, John of Manchester.

Herman, Joseph of Manchester.

Hibbert, Henry of Manchester.

Hibbert, Isaac of Manchester.

Hickton, Samuel of Manchester.

Hilsbach, Henry of Manchester.

Hobbins, Henry of Manchester.

Hoch, Felix of Manchester.

Hodgson, Walter of Manchester.

Hoffenberg, B. of Manchester.

Hogg & Shaw of Manchester.

Holden, John of Manchester.

Holt, George of Moss Side, Manchester.

Hope, John Lawton of Strangeways, Manchester.

Hopley,James of Manchester.

Howard, James of Manchester.

Howard, John of Manchester.

Huckbody, Walter of Manchester.

Hudson, George of Manchester

Hughes, Charles of Manchester.

Hughes, Thomas Roger of Manchester.

Hull Brothers of Manchester.

Hulme, Thomas of Manchester.

Hulse, Henry of Manchester.

Hunt, William of Manchester.

Hyam, D & M. of Manchester.

 

Imbery, Charles of Manchester.

Imbery, Otto of Hulme, Manchester.

Inglish, Mary of Manchester.

Isaacs, Alexander of Manchester.

Isaacs, Solomon of Manchester.

 

Jackson, Alexander of Manchester.

Jacob, Henry of Manchester.

Jacobs, Eli of Cheetham, Manchester.

Jacobs, Eli of Manchester.

Jagger, Richard of Manchester.

Jeffries, Joseph of Hulme, Manchester.

Jeffries, Mrs. Mary Ann of Manchester.

Jepson, Walter F. of Manchester.

Jessop, George of Manchester.

Johnson, Herbert of Manchester.

Johnson, Thomas of Manchester.

Johnson, William B. of Manchester.

Jones, John of Manchester.

Jones, Thomas of Hulme, Manchester.

Jordan/Jordon, John of Manchester.

Joyce, Thomas P. of Hulme, Manchester.

Joyce, Thomas P. of Manchester.

Joyce, Thomas Price of Manchester.

 

Kauffman, H of Manchester .

Kay, John of Manchester.

Kay, Samuel of Manchester.

Keifer, Fidelous of Manchester.

Kemshead& Son of Manchester.

Kemshead, Robert & Son of Manchester.

Kemshead, Widow of Manchester.

Kent, John of Manchester.

Kent, William Worsley of Manchester.

Kenyon, Laurence of Manchester.

Kilham, John Henry of Hulme, Manchester.

Killen, Henry of Manchester.

Kilner, Charles Henry of Manchester.

Kingerley, John of Manchester.

Kingston, Thomas of Manchester.

Knight, L.S.& Coe of Manchester.

Knight, Lewis S. of Manchester.

Knight, Thomas of Manchester.

Knowles, Edmund of Hulme, Manchester.

Knowles, George of Manchester.

 

Lacey, Thomas of Manchester.

Lacker, Michael of Manchester.

Laing & Barton of Manchester.

Laing &Stowell of Manchester.

Lake, Edmund E. of Manchester.

Lazarus, L. of Manchester.

Lazarus, Mark of Manchester.

Leadbeater, John of Hulme, Manchester.

Leadbetter, Mrs. Alice of Manchester.

Lee, Mark of Manchester.

Lee, Michael of Manchester.

Lees, Thomas of Hulme, Manchester.

Lees, Thomas of Manchester.

Lepp, John of Manchester.

Levy, Henry & Co. of Manchester.

Levy, Morris of Manchester.

Lewis, George of Manchester.

Lieberman, Isidor of Manchester.

Light, Henry of Manchester.

Lloyd, Payne &Amiel of Manchester.

Lloyd, Payne, &Amiel of Manchester

Lofthouse, B. of Manchester.

Lomax, John & Son of Manchester.

Longmore, William of Manchester.

Lord, Henry of Liverpool and Manchester.

Lowe, George Cliff of Manchester.

Lowry, James of Manchester.

Lyon, Edward of Manchester.

Lyon, Henry of Manchester.

 

M'Lardy, Samuel & Co. of Manchester.

Makin, George & Son of Manchester.

Manchester, Thomas of Bolton.

Mansel, Thomas of Manchester.

Marks, A. & Co. of Manchester.

Marshall, Edwin of Manchester.

Martin, Thomas of Manchester.

Masper, Charles of Manchester.

Mather, Walter of Manchester.

Mawdsley, John of Manchester.

Mayer, N. & Son of Manchester.

Mayer, Nathan of Manchester.

Mayer, Saul of Manchester.

Mayo, William & Son of Manchester.

Mayo, William of Manchester.

McCall, George of Manchester.

McCall, James of Manchester.

McConnell, Ira of Manchester.

McConnell, James of Manchester.

McCreesh, John of Manchester.

McCulloch, Edgar Thomas of Manchester.

McElroy, William of Manchester.

McFerran, William of Manchester.

McKellen, Samuel D. of Manchester.

McLardy, Makin & Smith of Manchester.

Mellor, John of Manchester.

Mendelson, Henry of Manchester.

Mentha, Fritz of Manchester.

Meyer, Elias of Manchester.

Meyer, Samuel of Manchester.

Michaels, Abraham of Manchester.

Michaels, Maurice A. of Manchester

Michaelson, David of Manchester.

Miller, Thomas of Salford & Manchester.

Millward, Joseph S. of Manchester.

Milnes, George of Manchester.

Minikin, Thomas of Manchester.

Mitchell, Isaac of Manchester.

Morgan, Thomas of Manchester.

Morris, James of Manchester.

Morton, Thomas of Manchester.

Moss, William S. of Manchester.

Moss, William Selby of Manchester.

Myers, Joseph of Manchester.

Mylrea, Basil of Hulme, Manchester.

Mylrea, Basil of Manchester.

Mylrea, Edward A. of Manchester.

 

Nathan, Asher of Manchester.

Nathan, Elias of Manchester.

Nathan, L&J of Manchester.

Neal, William of Manchester.

Nelson, Charles of Manchester.

Nelson, Robert of Manchester.

Newton, Thomas of Manchester.

Nightingale & Davies of Manchester.

Nokes, John of Hulme, Manchester.

Norcross, Frank. of Manchester.

 

O'Connor, Timothy of Manchester.

Oakden, Thomas of Pendleton, Manchester.

Oberle, Adolph of Manchester.

Oberle, Otto of Manchester.

Oberle, Paul of Manchester.

Ollivant&Botsford of Manchester.

Ollivant, J.T. & J. of Manchester.

Ollivant, Thomas & John of Manchester.

Orme, Henry of Manchester.

Ousey, Frank of Manchester.

Oxley, Edwin J. of Manchester.

 

Panter, Frank of Manchester.

Parker, William of Manchester.

Partington, Joseph of Manchester.

Patterson, James of Manchester.

Pendergast, William of Manchester.

Pendlebury, James T. of Manchester.

Pennington, Francis of Manchester.

Perks, Harry of Manchester.

Perry, Robert W. of Manchester.

Pick, Blomfield of Manchester.

Pidduck, Henry & Sons of Manchester.

Pidduck, W.B. of Manchester.

Pike, Edward of Manchester.

Pilling, Alfred of Manchester.

Pipe, Isaac & William of Manchester.

Plant, William of Manchester .

Platt, George of Manchester.

Podmore, Thomas William of Manchester.

Pollitt, Joseph F. of Hulme, Manchester.

Pomfrith, Horatio of Manchester.

Pomfritt, Alfred of Manchester.

Pomfritt, Horatio of Manchester.

Potter, Richard of Manchester.

Powell, John of Manchester.

Powell, P.G. of Manchester.

Powell, Philip G. of Manchester.

Pownall, James of Hulme, Manchester.

Pownall, James of Manchester.

Price, Nathaniel of Hulme, Manchester.

Price, Nathaniel of Manchester.

Price, Robert of Manchester.

Pridham, Arthur W. of Manchester.

 

Rayner, William of Manchester.

Read, William of Hulme, Manchester.

Read, William of Manchester.

Reece, Alfred of Manchester.

Rennie, William & Co. of Manchester.

Rhind, James of Manchester.

Rhodes, James W. of Manchester.

Rhodes, John of Manchester.

Rhodes, Richard of Manchester.

Richards, John of Manchester.

Richards, Thomas of Manchester.

Richardson, Henry of Manchester.

Richardson, John of Manchester.

Richardson, Mrs. Catherine of Manchester

Richardson, Thomas of Manchester.

Rider, Tyrell of Manchester and Preston.

Riegger, Otto of Manchester.

Robertshaw, John Jnr of Manchester.

Robertshaw, John of Manchester.

Robertson, John of Manchester.

Robertson, Joseph of Manchester.

Robinson, Benjamin of Salford, Manchester.

Robinson, John of Manchester.

Rodger, Aldred M. of Manchester.

Rogers, Thomas of Manchester.

Rolez, Jules of Manchester.

Rosenfeld, Jacob of Manchester.

Rosenthal, Joseph of Manchester.

Rowlands, William of Manchester.

Rowley, William of Manchester.

Russells Lim  of Manchester.

Ryall, Thomas of Manchester.

Ryan &Walkden of Manchester.

 

Samuel, Edgar of Manchester.

Samuel, H. of Manchester.

Scales, Edward of Manchester and Hulme

Scales, Joseph of Manchester

Scales, Joshua of Manchester

Scales, Mary of Manchester

Scales, William of Manchester and Salford

Scott, Joseph of Manchester.

Sears, William of Manchester.

Seddon, Henry William of Manchester.

Seddon, Mary of Manchester.

Seddon, William of Hulme, Manchester.

Seffler, Charles of Manchester.

Shackleton, Jno of Manchester.

Sharples, Henry of Manchester.

Sharples, Joseph William of Manchester.

Shenfield, John of Manchester

Shepley, John of Manchester.

Shirton, John Caspar of Manchester

Shoeps Brothers of Manchester.

Shorrock, William of Pendleton, Manchester

Simcock, John of Manchester.

Simmons, Isaac of Manchester.

Smith, John of Hulme, Manchester

Smith, John of Manchester.

Smith, William of Manchester.

Spencer, Thomas of Manchester.

Spreat, John Henry of Manchester.

Stackhouse, Richard of Hulme, Manchester.

Standring, Samuel of Manchester.

Stanley, John T. of Manchester.

Stanley, John of Manchester.

Stanley, William of Manchester.

Stearns, Henry of Manchester

Steel, Abraham of Manchester

Stern, Jacob of Manchester.

Sternberg Brothers of Manchester.

Sternberg, Nathan of Manchester.

Stevens, Alfred A. of Manchester.

Stone, Robert & Son of Manchester.

Sykes, David & Co. of Manchester.

 

Taft, Herbert E. of Manchester.

Tate, William of Manchester.

Taylor, James of Manchester.

Taylor, John of Manchester.

Taylor, Miss Jeannie of Manchester

Taylor, Robert Henry of Manchester

Taylor, Thomas of Manchester.

Temple, Solomon of Manchester.

Terry, Thomas of Manchester.

Terry, W. & F. of Manchester.

Terry, William & Francis of Hulme, Manchester.

Thelwall, Charles John of Chorlton on Medlock, Manchester.

Thelwell, Richard of Manchester.

Titley, C. & Co, of Manchester Titley, C. & Co. of Manchester.

Torkington, W.H. of Manchester.

Townend, Alfred of Manchester.

Townley, Thomas E. of Manchester.

Tumbleton, John of Manchester.

Turnbull & Bunyan of Manchester.

Turnbull, John S. of Manchester.

Turner, John of Manchester

Turton, Nathaniel of Manchester.

 

Wade, George of Manchester.

Walbrook, Ernest of Manchester.

Walker, Christopher of Manchester.

Walker, George of Manchester.

Walker, Thomas of Manchester.

Walmsley, Edward of Manchester.

Walmsley, Robert of Manchester.

Walter, John of Manchester.

Walter, Joseph of Manchester.

Ward, Charles of Manchester.

Warmisham, John of Hulme, Manchester.

Warmisham, John of Manchester.

Warmisham, William of Manchester.

Warner, Tom of Manchester.

Warrington, Thomas of Manchester.

Waterfall, A. & Co. of Manchester.

Waterhouse, Joseph of Manchester.

Watson, John of Manchester.

Webster, John of Manchester.

West, James of Manchester.

Whalley, Samuel of Manchester

 White, Anthony of Manchester.

White, Henry of Manchester.

Whitehead, William of Manchester.

Whiteley, Mrs. Harriet of Manchester.

Whitmore, Henry of Manchester.

Whitmore, M & Son of Manchester.

Whittaker, William of Manchester.

Whittington, Henry of Manchester.

Whittington, Joseph C. of Manchester.

Wholesale Supply Co. (Lever & Co.) of Manchester.

Wilkinson, James of Manchester.

Willard, Jonas & Co. of Manchester.

Williams, James W. of Hulme, Manchester.

Williams, John of Manchester.

Williams, Robert of Manchester.

Williams, William of Radcliffe, Bury, Manchester.

Wilson, John of Manchester.

Wilson, Thomas of Manchester.

Wilson, William of Manchester.

Winn, George of Manchester.

Wiright, William Henry of Manchester.

Wise, Emanuel of Manchester.

Withnall, Samuel of Manchester.

Wolfe, Henry of Manchester.

Wood, Henry of Manchester.

Wood, John Bolton of Hulme, Manchester.

Wood, Joseph F. of Hulme, Manchester.

Wood, Joseph F. of Manchester.

Woodd, Joseph of Manchester.

Woodhouse, Matthew H. of Manchester.

Wooton, John of Manchester.

Wright, James of Manchester.

Wright, John of Manchester.

Wright, L.J. & Co. of Manchester.

Wright, Robert of Manchester.

Wulfson, Lewis of Manchester

Wyatt, Lewis of Manchester.

 

Yarndley, Charles of Manchester.

Yeomans, Edward of Salford and Manchester

Yeomans, James of Manchester.

 

Zobin, Ellis of Manchester.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Samuel Whittaker clock maker of Middleton nr Manchester

Samuel Whittaker ( Middleton )

Both Samuel and James his elder brother came from a family of blacksmiths , and were working at the turn of the eighteenth century. Certain aspects of their work is unusual, and their clocks are scarce, rarely coming to light, so i was delighted to find this example.

The clock would seem to date from around 1710, and is in very original condition throughout, retaining its original sound fret, lenticle glass, turnbuckle,butterfly hinges and iron seatboard screws.Even the pendulum is original with its distinctive tulip shaped slide.

The caddy topped hood is typical of the period and region, but distinctive are the hood pillars which appear on all the Whittakers early clocks as well as a small number of other clocks by makers from the Manchester area at this time.The trunk is quite broad, again typical of Northern cases, with a half round door top, just introduced at this time, surrounded by a D mould The lenticle surround is large, and identical to the early clock illustrated by John Oliver. The colour and patination of the case is superb, typical of the best northern oak of a good reddy brown colour.

The large movement, with knopped and finned pillars, sits on its original seatboard, secured by two large seatboard screws. It is unusual to see 30 hour clocks screwed to the seatboard much in the style of london 8 day work, but the Whittakers did not hold back when it came to extra flourishes.All the movement pillars are latched, which is seen on all their early work, and the hammer spring is forked, much in the style of lantern clocks, again an early feature seen only on the Whittakers earliest work.
 
clocks repairs

In all, a superb early clock by a maker whose work is seldom seen.

John Harrison From Foulby Nr Wakefield And The Longitude Problem

The longitude problem

Whereas, in order to the finding out of the longtitude of places for perfecting navigation and astronomy, we have resolved to build a small observatory within Our Park at Greenwich...
Charles II

The Royal Observatory, GreenwichThe Royal Observatory, Greenwich by John Varley, circa 1800  For every 15° that one travels eastward, the local time moves one hour ahead. Similarly, travelling West, the local time moves back one hour for every 15° of longitude.

Therefore, if we know the local times at two points on Earth, we can use the difference between them to calculate how far apart those places are in longitude, east or west.

This idea was very important to sailors and navigators in the 17th century. They could measure the local time, wherever they were by observing the Sun, but navigation required that they also know the time at some reference point, e.g. Greenwich, in order to calculate their longitude. Although accurate pendulum clocks existed in the 17th century, the motions of a ship and changes in humidity and temperature would prevent such a clock from keeping accurate time at sea.

King Charles II founded the Royal Observatory in 1675 to solve the problem of finding longitude at sea. If an accurate catalogue of the positions of the stars could be made, and the position of the Moon then measured accurately relative to the stars, the Moon's motion could be used as a natural clock to calculate Greenwich Time. Sailors at sea could measure the Moon's position relative to bright stars and use tables of the Moon's position, compiled at the Royal Observatory, to calculate the time at Greenwich. This means of finding Longitude was known as the 'Lunar Distance Method'.

In 1714, the British Government offered, by Act of Parliament, £20,000 for a solution which could provide longitude to within half-a-degree (2 minutes of time). The methods would be tested on a ship, sailing

...over the ocean, from Great Britain to any such Port in the West Indies as those Commisioners Choose... without losing their Longitude beyond the limits before mentioned

and should prove to be

...tried and found Practicable and Useful at Sea.

A body known as the Board of Longitude was set up to administer and judge the longitude prize. They received more than a few weird and wonderful suggestions. Like squaring the circle or inventing a perpetual motion machine, the phrase 'finding the longitude' became a sort of catchphrase for the pursuits of fools and lunatics. Many people believed that the problem simply could not be solved.

John Harrison (1693-1776)

John HarrisonJohn Harrison, Inventor of the Compound Pendulum & of several Time Keepers by Thomas King (artist) and P. L. Tassaert (engraver), 1768 The longitude problem was eventually solved by a working class joiner from Lincolnshire with little formal education. John Harrison took on the scientific and academic establishment of his time and won the longitude prize through extraordinary mechanical insight, talent and determination.

Harrison was born in Foulby, near Wakefield, in Yorkshire in 1693 but his family moved to Barrow, in Lincolnshire, when he was quite young. His father was a carpenter and John followed in the family trade. He built his first longcase clock in 1713, at the age of 20. The mechanism was made entirely from wood, which was not a curious choice of material for a joiner. Three of Harrison's early wooden clocks have survived; the first (1713) is in London, at the Worshipful Company of Clockmakers' Collection in Guildhall;. the second (1715), is in the Science Museum; the third (1717) is at Nostell Priory in Yorkshire.

He married his first wife, Elizabeth, in 1718. She died just eight years later and he remarried within six months, to another Elizabeth.

During the latter part of his early career, he worked with his younger brother James. Their first major project was a revolutionary turret clock for the stables at Brocklesby Park, seat of the Pelham family. The clock was revolutionary because it required no lubrication. 18th century clock oils were uniformly poor and one of the major causes of failure in clocks of the period. Rather than concentrating on improvements to the oil, Harrison designed a clock which didn't need it. It was radical thinking of this sort that would be important later on, when he tackled the problem of designing a marine timekeeper.

During the mid-1720s, John and James designed a series of remarkable precision longcase clocks, to see how far they could push the capabilities of the design. By inventing a pendulum rod made of alternate wires of brass and steel, Harrison eliminated the problem of the pendulum's effective length increasing in warmer weather, slowing the clock. As a result, Harrison's regulators from this period achieved an accuracy of one second in a month, a performance far exceeding the best London clocks of the day.

To solve the longitude problem, Harrison would have to devise a portable clock which kept time to the same accuracy as these precision regulators...

H1 (1730-1735)

Harrison''''s Marine Chronometer number 1 - H1Harrison's Marine Timekeeper number 1 - H1 Constructed between 1730 and 1735, H1 is essentially a portable version of Harrison's precision wooden clocks. It is spring-driven and only runs for one day (the wooden clocks run for eight days). The moving parts are controlled and counterbalanced by springs so that, unlike a pendulum clock, H1 is independent of the direction of gravity.

The animation (© NMM) illustrates how the linked balance mechanism works. It ensures that any change in motion which affects one of the balances is compensated for by the same effect on the other balance.

H1 was brought to London in 1735 and displayed to the scientific community. Harrison was beseiged by requests from both scientists and socialites to see the timekeeper.

In 1736, Harrison and his timekeeper travelled to Lisbon aboard the ship Centurion to test the clock, and returned on the Orford. H1 performed well in the trial, keeping time accurately enough for Harrison to correct a misreading of the Orford's longitude on the return voyage. However, Harrison did not ask for a second trial but, instead, requested financial assistance from the Board of Longitude to make a second marine timekeeper.

H2 & H3 (1737-1759)

Harrison''''s Marine Chronometer number 2 (H2)Harrison's Marine Timekeeper number 2 (H2) Larger and heavier than H1, H2 is of fundamentally the same design as H1. Harrison began work on H2 in 1737 but in 1740 realised its design was wrong. The bar balances did not always counter the motion of a ship, a deficiency that could be corrected if the balances were circular.

Harrison requested more money from the Board to work on a third timekeeper.

Harrison worked on his third timekeeper from 1740 to 1759. After 19 years of labour, it failed to reach the accuracy required by the Board of Longitude.

Harrison''''s Marine Chronometer number 3 (H3)Harrison's Marine Timekeeper number 3 (H3) H3 incorporated two inventions of Harrison's -

  • a bimetallic strip, to compensate the balance spring for the effects of changes in temperature
  • a caged roller bearing, the ultimate version of his anti-friction devices.

Both of these inventions are used in a variety of machines nowadays.

Despite these innovations, work on H3 seemed to lead nowhere and its ultimate role was to convince Harrison that the solution to the longitude problem lay in an entirely different design.

H4 (1755-1759)

Marine timekeeper no. 4, John HarrisonHarrison's marine timekeeper number 4 (H4)In 1753, Harrison commissioned London watchmaker John Jefferys to make him a watch following Harrison's own designs. The watch was intended for Harrison's own personal use - to help with his astronomical observing and clock testing. No one in the 1750s thought of the pocket watch as a serious timekeeper. However, Harrison discovered with his new watch that if certain improvements were made, it had the potential to be an excellent timekeeper.

In 1755, as well as asking for continued support for the construction of H3, he asked the Board of Longitude for support

... to make two watches, one of such size as may be worn in the pocket & the other bigger... having good reason to think from the performance of one already executed... that such small machines may be render'd capable of being of great service with respect to the Longitude at Sea...

H4 is completely different from the other three timekeepers. Just 13 cm in diameter and weighing 1.45 kg, it looks like a very large pocket watch. Harrison's son William set sail for the West Indies, with H4, aboard the ship Deptford on 18 November 1761. They arrived in Jamaica on 19 January 1762, where the watch was found to be only 5.1 seconds slow! It was a remarkable achievement but it would be some time before the Board of Longitude was sufficiently satisfied to award Harrison the prize.

A second trial of H4 was arranged and William departed for Barbados aboard the Tartar on 28 March 1764. As with the first trial, William used H4 to predict the ship's arrival at Madeira with extraordinary accuracy. The watch's error was computed to be 39.2 seconds over a voyage of 47 days, three times better than required to win the £20,000 longitude prize. The Board of Longitude, however, implied that the watch was a fluke and would not be satisfied unless others of the same kind could be made and tested. Harrison would be paid £10,000 as soon as he disclosed his secrets and handed over his mechanisms to the Astronomer Royal, with the remaining £10,000 being paid when other timekeepers of the same type, accurate enough to find longitude to within 30 miles, were made.

Winning the Longitude Prize

K1 Marine ChronometerK1 Marine Chronometer - Kendall's copy of Harrison's H4 Although the performance of H4 during its second sea trial was three times better than the two minutes accuracy required to win the longitude prize, the Board of Longitude remained unconvinced. They stated that half of the prize money would be paid once Harrison had disclosed the workings of H4 to a specially-appointed committee. They also implied that H4's accuracy was a fluke and that copies of the watch should be made and tested. Finally, all four of Harrison's timekeepers should be handed over to the Board once he had received the £10,000.

At first, Harrison refused to accept any of these proposals, but the Board was equally adamant. After several weeks, both John and William agreed to disclose the inner workings of H4.

In August 1765, a panel of six experts gathered at Harrison's house in London and examined the watch. One week later, they were satisfied that the disclosure was complete and had signed a certificate to this effect. The Board then insisted that the four timekeepers should be handed over to them, and asked Harrison to recommend someone who could copy H4. Reluctantly, he recommended Larcum Kendall, a leading watchmaker who had probably contributed to the construction of H4, and finally received the first half of the longitude prize.

In order to qualify for the second half of the prize, Harrison had to make at least two more watches and have them tested. The Board of Longitude insisted that he make these copies of H4 himself, but took the original away for testing at the Royal Observatory. Nevil Maskelyne, who had been appointed Astronomer Royal in 1765, remained unconvinced that a watch could be more reliable than the lunar distance method for finding Greenwich Time.

John Harrison (now in his seventies) and William worked on a fifth timekeeper (H5), while Kendall made good progress on his copy of H4. Kendall's watch, now known as K1, was completed in 1769 and inspected in early 1770 by the same panel that had examined H4. William Harrison was also present and admitted that the copy was exceptional.

The Board of Longitude was asked to consider H5 and K1 as the two copies of H4, but told John and William, in no uncertain terms, that both copies of H4 should be made by the Harrisons.

John, now 79 years old, made an appeal to the highest authority in Britain. On 31 January 1772, an approach was made to King George III, via a letter to his private astronomer at Richmond, Dr Stephen Demainbray. William was summoned for an interview with the King himself, at which the King is said to have remarked

... these people have been cruelly wronged... ,

and

By God, Harrison, I will see you righted!

H5 was put on trial by the King himself in 1772, and performed superbly. The Board of Longitude, however, refused to recognise the results of this trial, so John and William petitioned Parliament. They were finally awarded £8750 by Act of Parliament in June 1773. Perhaps more importantly, John Harrison was finally recognised as having solved the longitude problem.

In the meantime, Captain Cook had set out on his second voyage of discovery with K1, Kendall's copy of H4. He returned in July 1775, after a voyage of three years, which ranged from the Tropics to the Antarctic. The daily rate of K1 never exceeded 8 seconds (corresponding to a distance of 2 nautical miles at the equator) during the entire voyage and Cook referred to the watch as

...our faithful guide through all the vicissitudes of climates.

It is not known for certain whether Harrison knew of this success, but Cook's voyage proved beyond doubt that longitude could be measured from a watch.

John Harrison died almost one year after Cook's return, on 24 March 1776, in his house at Red Lion Square, London. It was his 83rd birthday.

Rupert Gould

Lt Cdr Rupert Gould with ''''H3'''' and one of the balances of ''''H2'''', taken at his home in Epsom in 1924Lt Cdr Rupert Gould with 'H3' and one of the balances of 'H2', taken at his home in Epsom in 1924 Rupert Thomas Gould's father (the composer, William Monk Gould) had intended his son for a life as a Navy Officer and a promising start under Beatty and Jellicoe had augured well, but a severe nervous breakdown at the outbreak of the First World War ended Rupert's career in active service.

In 1916 he was transferred to work in the Hydrographic Office of the Navy, where his talents with pen and ink were highly valued, and in 1919 he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Commander (retired).

However, fine as his illustration was, he was much more than just an artist/draughtsman. Gifted with a photographic memory, R.T. Gould has been described as a veritable Rennaissance Man. During the trauma of his first breakdown, for the first six months of which he was unable to speak, his interests turned to the occult. He had always been interested in scientifically unexplained occurrences ('The X Files' would have fascinated him) and he was the first to write a series of factual books on such matters, in the late 1920s. He was, for example, the first to systematically investigate the case of the Loch Ness monster, which he concluded did exist, and he published his results (The Loch Ness Monster and Others) in 1934.

One of his most notable passions was Antiquarian Horology; at the top of the long list of the talents and interests which Gould possessed was a profound learning in the history of time measurement. In 1923 he wrote the definitive work on the Marine Chronometer (The Marine Chronometer, its History and Development), a work so thoroughly researched and beautifully written that it still has no equal today; the book is particularly valued for its fine and careful pen-and-ink illustrations of mechanisms, drawn by the author. Gould's skills were also practical. In 1920, during his research for his book, he discovered the great timekeepers by Harrison - the most important timekeepers ever constructed - neglected in the Royal Observatory's stores. He gained permission to restore them to their former glory, a project that was to occupy him for much of the rest of his life and which was to alienate him from his wife and family; he was separated from his wife in a high profile case, heard at the Royal Courts of Justice in 1927.

In spite of two further severe nervous breakdowns, one in 1925 and another at the outbreak of the Second World War, Gould managed to cram many other interests and activities into his short life. He was a dedicated tennis player and his knowledge of the history and rules of the game led him to umpire on centre court at Wimbledon on many occasions during the 1930s. His interest in all things mechanical included a fascination for studying and collecting typewriters and he wrote the first history of the instrument. Throughout the 1930s and 1940s he delighted children across the country with his educational broadcasts on BBC Radio's 'Childrens' Hour' as 'The Stargazer', and in the mid-1940s he joined that select group of eccentrics who broadcast as 'The Brains Trust'. The most famous of the Brains Trust panellists, Professor Joad, was Gould's bête noir and regular sparring partner on the air waves.

Gould died in 1948 at just 57 years old. The previous year the British Horological Institute had awarded him the BHI gold medal, its highest honour for contributions to horology.

Petre Clare A Manchester Clockmaker

Peter Clare, a local clockmaker, made a clock for Manchester Corporation. From 1848, this was the official clock for Manchester, showing the current time as measured at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich. At first, astronomy was used to regulate the clock to Greenwich Time. After 1852, the Royal Observatory transmitted the time hourly by telegraph. The clock stood in the Town Hall on King Street where people could use it to set the time on their own watches and clocks. Greenwich Mean Time was not adopted as the national standard time until 1880. The clock was moved to the Manchester City Art Gallery in 1912.

Edward East

Edward East, one the most noted of English makers, was at work by 1620, and became watchmaker to Charles I. Henry Jones was at the height of his fame about 1673, and Samuel Betts about 1640. Thomas Tompion, known as the "Father of English watchmaking" had by 1658 attained much renown. He was succeeded by Daniel Quare, who had a shop at St. Martin's le Grand, London, in 1676.

Thomas Tompion Clock Restoration

We are incredibly honored to have just completed restoration of a Thomas Tompion bracket clock for a private collector, photo gallery coming soon!

Thomas Tompion (1639–1713) was an English master clockmaker and watchmaker known today as the father of English clockmaking as stated on the plaque that commemorates the house he shared on Fleet Street with also renowned clockmaker George Graham. His work includes some of the most important clocks and watches in the world and his work commands huge prices whenever it appears at auction. His apprentices included George Allett, Edward Banger, Henry Carlowe, Daniel Delander, Ricard Ems, Ambrose Gardner, Obadiah Gardner, William Graham (nephew of George Graham), George Harrison, Whitestone Littlemore, Jerimiah Martin, Charles Molins, William Mourlay, Charles Murray, Robert Pattison, William Sherwood, Richard Street, Charles Sypson, William Thompson, James Tunn and Thomas White many of whom became important clockmakers in their own right.

The Prague Astronomical Clock


 

The Prague Astronomical Clock


The timepiece is also called Prague Orloj and it represents a medieval astronomical clock. Visitors can enjoy the wonderful look of the clock on the southern wall of Old Town City Hall, which is in the Old Town Square.

Three main components make up the whole Prague Orloj. These are: the astronomical dial, which shows the position of the Sun and Moon; "The Walk of the Apostles", which is a clockwork hourly show of several moving sculptures; and finally a calendar dial, having twelve medallions, each one of them representing one month.

The clock has golden Roman numbers located at the outer edge of blue circle. These numerals represent the timescale of a 24 hour day. The curved golden lines that divide into 12 parts the blue part of dial represent marks for unequal hours, which can be defined as 1/12 of the time between sunrise and sunset. As the days get longer or shorter the markers vary during the year.

Withing a large black outer circle there is another movable circle which includes signs of the zodiac. These are shown in anticlockwise order.

The watch has a golden Sun that moves around the zodiacal circle. In such a way the clock shows the position of the sun on the ecliptic. In the same way the timepiece shows the current position of the moon on the ecliptic.

History of the Atmos Clock

The History of the Legendary Atmos Clock:

In the late 1920s Jean-Leon Reutter, a young Paris engineer, experimented with a clock that needed no direct mechanical or electrical intervention to keep it wound, in short a clock powered only by Perpetual Motion.

For centuries, many scientist including Leonardo Da Vinci had experimented with the idea of Perpetual Motion - however, only J.L. Reutter eventually succeeded at incorporating that novel idea into an actual working clock.

Through out his life, J.L. Reutter's dream of a Perpetual Motion timepiece led him to produce a clock with a timekeeping mechanism designed specifically to consume the smallest possible amount of power to keep the clock running satisfactorily.

all clocks repaired

After studying the design of the 400-Day Anniversary Clock -which was very popular during that era - Reutter made significant changes to that concept, to meet the small input power requirement he was looking for in his new clock design.

Reutters modifications of the 400-Day Clock included changes to the escapement leverage to reduce the arc of the escapement as well as adding jewels to the bearings of the movement. His new clock ran safely and most importantly very reliably.

His new clock design included a special device that would power his clock independently, using a substance that would react to the most sensitive changes in temperature and atmospheric conditions. That substance was mercury. He also designed a special glass tube similar to that of a thermometer for the mercury and encased it all inside a metal cylinder, which is now known as the Bellows.

The result of Reutters achievement was an ingenious new clock unlike any other, past or present. A timepiece that could run independently and continuously and so incredibly sensitive, that it could be rewound by the slightest fluctuations in the atmosphere, or by the slightest changes in temperature, hence the name: "Atmos Clock".

Later, due to dangers in handling and instability, the mercury in the Bellows that powered the Atmos Clock was changed to a special more stable saturated gas, known scientifically as 'Ethyl Chloride'. The technological concept of the Gas filled Atmos Bellows is a remarkable one: Inside a sealed capsule, a mixture of gas and liquid expands as the temperature rises and contracts as it falls, moving the capsule back and forth like a tiny unseen accordion. This motion is used to constantly wind the mainspring thus enabling the clock to run and keep perfect time. A small temperature variation of just one degree is sufficient for over two day's operation. Such variation occurs naturally in normal room temperature and thus without any additional sources of energy, the Atmos clock will continue to run if left untouched, "forever". Hence the term: "Living On Air".

History of the Grandfather Clock

History Of The Grandfather Clock

In 1656 a Dutchman named Christian Huygens was the first person to use a pendulum, as a driving device, in clocks. This was the birth of the Grandfather clock or, to use the correct terminology, Long Case clock.

The first Long Case Clocks were produced in Britain, after the London clock maker Ahasuerus Fromenteel sent his son to Holland to learn about the use of a pendulum.

For the first 15 years clock makers struggled to develop a pendulum device capable of keep accurate time. By 1670 an anchor escapement had been developed, that when used in conjunction with a pendulum great accuracy could be achieved. This development ensured that history would remember Britain as the dominating producer in the world of clock making. Names such as Joseph Knibb, Thomas Tompian, George Graham, and Daniel Quare all come to mind when discussing the history of Long Case Clocks.

The earliest cases were made from oak and were architectural in appearance. Higher quality clocks would be finished with ebony or pearwood.

Later cases were made from high quality African mahogany. Today, beautiful examples of what is called "flame mahogany" can also be seen.

Early dials were square and made of brass. In 1772 Osborn & Wilson, from Birmingham, introduced the white dial. These early dials had simple decorations, such as birds or strawberries. By 1830 small painted scenes, in the corners and arch, were depicted on dials.

Earliest Types Of Clocks

Water clocks were among the earliest timekeepers that didn't depend on the observation of celestial bodies. One of the oldest was found in the tomb of the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep I, buried around 1500 BCE. Later named clepsydras ("water thieves") by the Greeks, who began using them about 325 BCE, these were stone vessels with sloping sides that allowed water to drip at a nearly constant rate from a small hole near the bottom. Other clepsydras were cylindrical or bowl-shaped containers designed to slowly fill with water coming in at a constant rate. Markings on the inside surfaces measured the passage of "hours" as the water level reached them. These clocks were used to determine hours at night, but may have been used in daylight as well. Another version consisted of a metal bowl with a hole in the bottom; when placed in a container of water the bowl would fill and sink in a certain time. These were still in use in North Africa in the 20th century.

The Minuet Hand

Minute Hand

In 1577, Jost Burgi invented the minute hand. Burgi's invention was part of a clock made for Tycho Brahe, an astronomer who needed an accurate clock for his stargazing.

Sun Clocks

Sun Clocks

The Sumerian culture was lost without passing on its knowledge, but the Egyptians were apparently the next to formally divide their day into parts something like our hours. Obelisks (slender, tapering, four-sided monuments) were built as early as 3500 BCE. Their moving shadows formed a kind of sundial, enabling people to partition the day into morning and afternoon. Obelisks also showed the year's longest and shortest days when the shadow at noon was the shortest or longest of the year. Later, additional markers around the base of the monument would indicate further subdivisions of time.

Alarm Clocks

Alarm Clocks

An early prototype of the alarm clock was invented by the Greeks around 250 BC. The Greeks built a water clock where the raising waters would both keep time and eventually hit a mechanical bird that triggered an alarming whistle.

The first mechanical alarm clock was invented by Levi Hutchins of Concord, New Hampshire, in 1787. However, the ringing bell alarm on his clock could ring only at 4 am. On October 24, 1876 a mechanical wind-up alarm clock that could be set for any time was patented (#183,725) by Seth E Thomas.

Famous Clocks

Some Famous Clocks

One of the most famous clocks is in the cathedral of Strasbourg; the clock was first placed in the cathedral in 1352, and in the 16th cent. it was reconstructed. In the 19th cent. a new astronomical clock (so called because it shows the current positions of the sun, moon, and other heavenly bodies in addition to the time of day) similar to the original clock was constructed; its elaborate mechanical devices include the Twelve Apostles, a crowing cock, a revolving celestial globe, and an automatic calendar dial. Among other well-known clocks of the world are the clock known as Big Ben in the tower next to Westminster Bridge in the British Houses of Parliament and the tower clock in the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company building, New York City.

Origins Of Clock

Origins of "Clock"

The word 'clock' comes from the French word "cloche" meaning bell. The Latin for bell is glocio, the Saxon is clugga and the German is glocke.

The First Watch

The first watch appeared in about 1500. Not very accurate, but a toy for the wealthy. Over the centuries, with the invention of the hairspring, and other improvements, it became more accurate and smaller until it evolved into the small jewel you wear on your wrist today.

What Is Horology

What on earth is horology? Briefly, it's the science or art of measuring time. It's a science that started back in the days of the Babylonians, who came up with the idea for the 60-second minutes and 60-minute hours we use now.

Antique Clock Repair And Restoration News

Antique Clock Repair And Restoration launch our new blog page regular posts from 1st July........  

Click here for RSS feed